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Welcome to Pediatric Urology Associates (PUA)

Publications

Ambiguous Genitalia and Disorders of Sexual Differentiation
Anorectal Malformations
Bladder – Dysfunctional Voiding – Neurogenic Bladder - Reflux - Augmentation
Cancer (See Tumors)
Dysfunctional Voiding
Hematuria (Blood in Urine)
Hypospadias and Penis
Infections
Kidney Duplication Abnormalities
Laparoscopy and Endoscopy
Penis (Also See Hypospadias)
Reflux (See Bladder)
Stones
Testis, Undescended Testis, Scrotum (Also See Laparoscopy)
Trauma
Tumors and Cancer
Varicoceles
Others



Ambiguous Genitalia and Disorders of Sexual Differentiation

Infant With Mosaic 45,X/46,XY/47,XYY/48/XYYY: Genetic and Clinical Findings.
Fox, J.E., Blumenthal, D., Brock, W.A. et al.
Am. J. of Med Genetics 59:435-440, 1995

Complete Virilization in 46XX Females with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia: A Series of 4 Cases.
Lee,C., Hanna,M., Brock,W., Packer,M., Kaplan,G.
Journal of Urology, 1996

Ambiguous Genitalia, Micropenis and Hypospadias
Friedman, S., et al
Pediatric Endocrinology, Editor, Lifshitz , 1995 .Marcel Dekker, Inc.



Anorectal Malformations

Ectopic labium and VATER Association in a newborn
So, E., Brock, WA., and Kaplan, GW
Journal of Urology. 124:156-157, 1980

Anorectal Malformations: Urologic Implications. Guest Editor.
Brock, W.A
Dialogues in Pediatric Urology. Vol.10 #1, 1987

Spectrum of Genitourinary Malformations in Patients with Imperforate Anus.
Rich, M.A., Brock, W.A., Pena, A
PedIatric Surgery International 3:110-113, 1988

Persistent Cloaca and Phallic Urethra.
Karlin G., Brock, W.A., Rich, M. and Pena A
Journal of Urology.142:1056-1059, 1989

Urologic Implications of Anorectal Malformations
Brock, W.A.and Pena, A.:
A.U.A. Update Series. Vol 10, No.6, 1991

Urologic Implications of Anorectal Malformations.
Brock, W.A. and Pena, A.
Clinical Pediatric Urology 3rd Edition ed. Kelalis, P.P., King, L.R. and Belman, A.B.,
W.B. Saunders, Phila. 1992

Prolapsing Congenital Polyp of Posterior Urethra and Urethral Duplication Associated with Imperforate Anus.
Chiaramonte, R.M., Rich, M.A. and Brock, W.A.:
Urology 40:522-524, 1992



Bladder – Dysfunctional Voiding –Neurogenic Bladder - Reflux - Augmentation

Voiding dysfunction in children.
Brock, W.A., and Kaplan, G.W.:
Current Problems in Pediatrics X (8), Jan, 1980.

Intermittent catheterization in the management of neurogenic vesical dysfunction in children.
Brock, W.A., So, E.P., Harbach, L.B., and Kaplan, G.W.:
 J. Urol. 125:391-393, 1981.

Radical removal of lipomas of the conus and cauda equina with laser micro neurosurgery
James, H.E., Williams, J., Brock, W.A., Kaplan, G.W., and Sang,H.: .
Neurosurgery 15:340-343, 1984.

Implications of hydronephrosis in the newborn with myelodysplasia.
Chiaramonte, R.M., Kaplan, G.W., and Brock, W.A.:
 J. Urol.,136:427, 1986.

Ureteral reimplantation without catheters
So, E.P., Brock, W.A., and Kaplan, G.W.: .
 J. Urol. 125:551-553, 1981

Cystitis follicularis in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux
Brock, W.A., Smolko, M.J., Evans, K.J., and Kaplan, G.W.: 
J. Urol. 129 (5): 1020-1021, 1983

The value of endoscopy in deciding management of primary reflux.
Brock, W.A. and Kaplan, G.W.: n the
The Management of Vesico-ureteric reflux, ed. J.H. Johnston. Williams and Wilkins 1984

Elusive Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children with Normal Contrast Cystograms.
Journal of Urology 136:325-328, 1986
Brock, W.A. and Kaplan, G.W.:. and Spitzer.:
Pediatric Kidney Disease. ed. by Edelmann, et al  Little, Brown & Company. Boston 1992

Contrast Induced Central Nervous System Toxicity After Radiographic Evaluation of
the Lower Urinary Tract in Myelodysplastic Patients with Ventriculo-Peritoneal Shunts

Dalkin, B. Franco, I., Kaplan, W., Reda, E.
 J. Urol., 148:120-121, 1992.

Selective Sacral Rhizotomy in Patients with High Pressure Neurogenic Bladder: Early Results.

Selective Sacral Rhizotomy for the Management of Neurogenic Bladders: Long Term Follow up

Neurological Alternatives In Managing High Pressure Neurogenic Bladder, Dialogues in Pediatric

Overactive Bladder in Children: Pathophysiology

Overactive Bladder in Children: Management
I Franco, et al
J Urol Sept 178:769-774 2007

The Use of Botulinum Toxin A Injection for the Management of External Sphincter Dyssynergia in Neurologically Normal Children.
Franco I, Landau-Dyer L, Isom-Batz G, Collett T, Reda EF
 J Urol., 178(4 Pt 2):1775-1780; 2007

Pedaitric Overactive Bladder: Pathophysiology and management

The Importance of Catheter Size in The Achievement of Urinary Continence in Patients Undergoing A Young-Dees-Leadbetter Procedure:
 Franco I., Kolligan M., Reda E., Levitt, S.B.
J. Urol. 152:710-712, 1994

Injectable Prosthetic Materials for the Management of Reflux and Urinary Incontinence in Children:
Franco, I., Reda, E., Kaplan, W.
Semin. Urol., 10:184-193, 1992.

Injectable Prosthetic Materials for the Management of Reflux and Urinary Incontinence in Children:
Franco, I., Reda, E., Kaplan, W.
Clinical Digest Series, Urology/Nephrology Digest, 1992

Biofeedback Therapy Expedites the Resolution of Reflux in Older Children.
L Palmer, I Franco, P Rotario, EF RedaF, SC Friedman SC, ME Kolligian ME, WA Brock, SB Levitt
 J Urol. 2002 168, 1699-1703,

Neurological Alternatives In Managing High Pressure Neurogenic Bladder,

Surgical Alternatives in Neurogenic Bladder Management,

Ectopic Ureter and Incontinence. 
C. Lee, I Franco, S. Levitt
Urologic Surgery in Infants and Chidren. ed. L. King, W.B. Saunders Co 1997

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Pediatric Hemorrhagic Cystitis.
Furness III PD, Palmer LS, Palmer JS, Capelli-Schellpfeffer, Cheng EY.
Journal of Urology 161 (5): 1596-1597, 1999.

Primary Nonobstructive Nonrefluxing Megaureter.
Matteson JR, Huang A, Palmer LS.
Children’s Hospital Quarterly, 10(4): 193-196, 1998.

Subclinical Changes in Bladder Function in Children Presenting with Non-Urologic Symptoms of Tethered Cord Syndrome.
Palmer LS, Richards I, Kaplan, WE.
Journal of Urology, 159:231-234, 1998

The Myofascial Wrap to Treat Intractable Urinary Incontinence in Children.
Kolligian ME, Palmer LS, Cheng EY, Firlit CF.
Urology 52(6): 1122-1127, 1998.

A Review of Pharmacological Treatment of Enuresis.
Hakimian O, Savarirayan S, Wise GJ, Friedman SC, Palmer LS.
Children’s Hospital Quarterly. 9(4): 151-154, 1997

Complications of Intravesical Oxybutynin Chloride Therapy in the Pediatric Myelomeningocele Population.
Palmer LS, Zebold K, Firlit CF, Kaplan WE.
Journal of Urology, 157: 638-640, 1997.

Age-Related Bladder Capacity and Bladder Capacity Growth in Children with Myelomeningocele.
Palmer LS, Richards I, Kaplan WE.
Journal of Urology, 158: 1261-1264, 1997.

Transrectal Electrostimulation Therapy for Neuropathic Bowel Dysfunction in Children with Myelomeningocele.
Palmer LS, Richards I, Kaplan WE
Journal of Urology, 157:1449-1452, 1997.

Management Considerations for Treating Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children with Solitary Kidneys.
Palmer LS, Andros G, Maizels M, Kaplan WE, Firlit CF.
Urology, 49: 604-608, 1997.

Surgical Versus Endoscopic Correction of Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children with Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction.
Engel JD, Palmer LS, Cheng EY, Kaplan WE.
Journal of Urology, 157, 2291-2295, 1997.

Double Knotted Urethral Catheter in a Child.
Gonzalez C and Palmer LS.
Urology, 49:772, 1997.

Geometric Principles in Predicting Postoperative Capacity of the Augmented Bladder
Palmer LS, Franco I, Reda EF, Levitt SB.
Children’s Hospital Quarterly, 8(3): 119-123, 1996.

Ibuprofen Combined with Antibiotics Suppresses Renal Scarring from Ascending Pyelonephritis in Rats.
Huang A, Palmer LS, Hom D, Anderson AE, Kushner L, Franco I
Journal of Urology 162 (4): 1396-1398, 1999.

Urinary Levels of TGF-b1 in Obstructive Uropathy and Vesicoureteral Reflux.
Palmer LS, Maizels M, Kaplan WE, Firlit CF, Cheng EY
Urology, 50: 769-773, 1997.

Single System Ureteral Ectopia in Boys.
Matthews R, Jeffs RD, Maizels M, Palmer LS, Docimo S.
Journal of Urology, 161 (4): 1297-1300, 1999

A Review of Pharmacological Treatment of Enuresis.
Hakimian O, Savarirayan S, Wise GJ, Friedman SC, Palmer LS
Children’s Hospital Quarterly, (4): 151-154, 1997

The Riley Hospital experience with 112 Monti catheterizable channels.
Gitlin, JS, Cain, MP, Lawrence, P, Casale, AJ, Keafer, M, Rink, RC:
American Academy of Pediatrics Annual Meeting, 2002.

Conception, delivery and pregnancy in patients with augmented bladders.
Gitlin, JS, Rink, RC, Herndon, CD, Cain, MP, Casale, AJ, Kaefer, M, King, S:
European Society of Pediatric Urology Annual Meeting
Budapest, Hungary, March, 2002

Extravesical Reimplantation of a Catheterizable Channel
Gitlin, JS, Rink, RC, Herndon, CD, Cain, MP, Casale, AJ, Kaefer, M:
European Society of Pediatric Urology Annual Meeting
Budapest, Hungary, March, 2002

Contrast Induced Central Nervous System Toxicity After Radiologic Evaluation of the Lower Urinary Tract in Myelodysplastic Patients with Ventriculo-Peritoneal Shunts.
Journal of Urology 148:120-121, 1991


Dyfunctional Voiding

Treatment of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in Children With Constipation Using Tegaserod Therapy
Israel Franco, Stephen Cagliostro, Therese Collett-Gardere, Mary Kearins, Paul Zelkovic, Lori Dyer, Edward F. Reda
Pediatric Urology Associates and Section of Pediatric Urology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY
Submitted February 10, 2010 - Accepted for Publication April 21, 2010

The Central Nervous System and its Role in Bowel and Bladder Control

Dysfunctional Elimination Syndrome as an Etiology of Idiopathic Urethritis in Childhood
Daniel Herz, Adam Weiser, Therese Collett, Edward Reda, Selwyn Levitt, Israel Franco
Division of Pediatric Urology, Department of Urology, New York Medical College, New York, NY
Submitted for publication September 12, 2004.
Presented at annual meeting of American Urological Association, Chicago, IL, April 26–May 1, 2003.

International Children's Continence Society's Recommendations for Therapeutic Intervention in Congenital Neuropathic Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction in Children

International Children's Continence Society's Recommendations for Initial Diagnostic Evaluation and Follow-Up in Congenital Neuropathic Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction in Children

Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Voiding Problems in Children

New ideas in the cause of bladder dysfunction in children

Overactive Bladder in Children. Part 1: Pathophysiology

Overactive Bladder in Children. Part 2: Management

 


 

Hematuria (Blood in Urine)

Idiopathic urethrorrhagia in boys.
Kaplan, G.W. and Brock, W.A.
Journal of Urology. 128:1001:1003, 1982.

Hematuria
Brock, W.A.: Editor
Dialogues in Pediatric Urology Vol. 8 #4, 1985.

Hydronephrosis and Obstruction of the Urinary Tract Congenital giant hydroureteronephrosis.
Brock, W.A., Nachtscheim, D.A., Kaplan, G.W., and Talner, L.B.:
 Urol. Radiol. 1:67-75, 1979

Ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children.
White, J.M., Kaplan, G.W., and Brock, W.A.
American Family Physician 29(3): 211-216, 1984

Management of boys with posterior urethral valves.
Kaplan, G.W. and Brock, W.A.: 
In Urology,Vol.3 Pediatric Urology, eds. R. Whitaker, J. Woodard. London: Butterworths, 1985.

Cutaneous Vesicostomy for Temporary Urinary Diversion in Children.
Weinberg, J.J., Gordon, L., Nanigian, P., Kaplan, G.W., Brock, W.A.
Pediatric Surgery International. 4:47-51, 1988.

The Dilated Urinary Tract in Children. Prospective Analysis with Correlation of Radiological, Isotope, Pressure Perfusion and Surgical Findings.
Reda, ER Levitt, SB
British Journal of Urology 61:413-419, 1988

Percutaneous Management of UPJ and Other Obstructions in Children.
Douenias, R., Smith, A.D., Brock, W.A.: 
Urol. Clin.N.AM.17(2):419-428, May, 1990

Changing Management of Neonatal Hydronephrosis.
Motola, J. and Brock, W.A.:
 Children's Hospital Quarterly 4(1):25-28, 1992

Bailout Endourology. Tricks of the Trade
Brock, W.A.
Dialogues in Pediatric Urology Vol 16, #2.1993

Metachronous Presentation of Ureterovesical Junction Obstruction Contralateral to a Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney
Weiser, AC, Amukele SA, Palmer LS
Journal of Urology 167 (6): 2538-2539, 2002.

Endourological Management of Obstructed Hydrocalyx After Blunt Renal Trauma.
Bellman, G., Brock, W., Smith, A.
Urology 43(4):546-546, 1994

Flexible Cystoscopy in the Surgical Repair of Traumatic Urethral Strictures in Children.
Rich, M.A. and Brock, W.A.:
Urology, 31:129-131, 1988

Urethral strictures in children
Kaplan, G.W. and Brock, W.A.:
.J. Urol. 129 (6): 1200-1203

Calycoureterostomy
S. Levitt, E. Reda I. Franco
Atlas of Surgical Techniques in Urology, ed. Whitehead, JB Lippincott Company 1997

Analysis of Outcome of Pediatric Pyeloplasty: Is Postoperative Renal Scan Necessary?
L. Palmer, A. Huang, I. Franco, E. Reda, W. Brock, S. Levitt
Journal of Urology, Volume 161, 110, Supplement April 1999

Bladder neck obstruction secondary to Brunn's cyst:

Prune Belly Syndrome: New and Simplified Technique of Abdominal Wall Reconstruction.

Prenatal Hydronephrosis
Palmer, LS.
Children’s Hospital Quarterly, 11 (1): 33-40, 1999.

Surgical Options for Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction: The Role of Ureterocalycostomy.
Chang B, Levitt SB, Palmer LS
Children’s Hospital Quarterly, 11(2/3): 107-111, 1999.

Surgery versus Observation in Managing Obstructive SFU Grade 3-4 Hydronephrosis.
Palmer LS, Maizels M, Cartwright PC, Fernbach SK, Conway JJ.
Journal of Urology, 159: 222-228, 1998.

Prevention of Renal Fibrosis by Spironolactone in Mice with Unilateral Ureteral Obstruction.
Trachtman H, Weiser AC, Valderamma E, Morgado M, Palmer LS:
Journal of Urology 172(4) part 2 of 2: 1590-1594, 2004.

Nitric Oxide In Obstructive Uropathy: Role Of Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase.
Chang B, Mathew R, Palmer LS, Valderrama E, Trachtman H:
Journal of Urology 168 (4): 1801-1804, 2002.

The Effect of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition and Angiotensin II Receptor Blockade on the Obstructed Rat Bladder
Palmer LS, Lee C, Decker RS, Lang S, Kaplan WE, Firlit CF, Cheng EY.
Journal of Urology, 158: 1100-1104, 1997.

Congenital Megacalyces, Studies with Different Imaging Modalities;
Sethi, R.; Yang, D.C.; Mittal P.; Friedman, S.C.; Contractor D.; Giovanniello, J.
Clinical Nuclear Medicine, September, 1997; Vol 22, No. 9

The Diagnostic Yield of the Voiding Cystourethrogram (VCUG) in the Post Natal Follow-Up of Pre Natal Hydronephrosis
Carlucci, J., Friedman, S.C., Wise, J.G.
Journal of Urology 175 (4) Supplement Abstract 752, 244, 2006

The Diagnostic Yield of the Voiding Cystourethrogram (VCUG) in the Post Natal Period
Carlucci, J., Friedman, S.C., Wise, J.G.
Society for Pediatric Urology, American Urological Association. Atlanta, GA, 2006

Antegrade Ablation of Posterior Urethral Valves. Audiovisual Education Tape
Friedman, S.C.; Akhter, S.; Wise, G.J.
Presented at the American Urological Association, Washington, D.C., 1992

Mid-Ureteral Stricture Presenting as Antenatal Hydronephrosis.
Gitlin,JS, Kaefer, M:A M
Society for Fetal Urology San Francisco, 2001.

Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction.
Grasso, M and Gitlin, JS:
E-Medicine.com

Radiofrequency ablation: clinical status 2003.
Zelkovic PF, Resnick MI.
Current Opinion in Urology 2003; 13(3): 199-202

Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis.
Zelkovic PF, Stovsky MD.
Critical Decisions in Urology. 3rd edition; 2004



Hypospadias and Penis

The etiology of chordee.
Kaplan, G.W. and Brock, W.A.:
Urol. Clin. N. Am. 8:383-387, 1981.

Upper urinary tract anomalies associated with congenital hypospadias: Is screening necessary?
Cerasaro, T.S., Brock, W.A., Kaplan, G.W.:
Journal of Urology. 135:537, 1986

Post Hypospadias Repair Urethral Strictures - A Review of 30 Cases.
Scherz, H.C., Kaplan, G.W., Packer, M.G., Brock, W.A.:
Journal of Urology. 140:1253, 1988

Hypospadias.
Reda, E Levitt, SB
Ped. Annals 17:48-57, 1988

Urethral Strictures After Hypospadias Repair.
Scherz, H.C., Kaplan, M.G. Packer, Brock, W.A.:
Journal of Urology. (Paris) 95;(1) 23-26, 1989

Optimal Timing of Hypospadias Surgery in Children:
 I Franco, T Schneidau, E Reda, WA Brock, S Levitt
Children's Hospital Quarterly: Vol 8(4) 201-204, 1996

Correction of penoscrotal transposition: A Novel approach
M E. Kolligian; I Franco; E F. Reda:
 J Urology 2000;164:994-997

Penoscrotal Transposition: Review of 53 patients. Editorial comment.

The "Long Snodgrass": Applying the Tubularized Incised Plate Urethroplasty to
Penoscrotal Hypospadias in 1-Stage or 2-Stage Repairs

L Palmer, J S. Palmer, I Franco, SC. Friedman, M. Kolligan, B Gill, S B. Levitt
Journal of Urology, Volume 168, 1748-1750, October 2002

The Use of Small Intestinal Submucosa (SIS) in the Repair of Complicated Hypospadias
A Weiser, I Franco, D Herz, R Silver, E Reda
 J Urol. 2003 170:1593

Single and Multiple Dermal Grafts for Management of severe penile Curvature:
 B Lindgren, , E Reda, S Levitt, W Brock, I Franco,
J Urol vol 160:1128-1130, 1998

Hypospadias
Palmer LS:
Consultant for Pediatricians. 3(8): 387-8, 2004.

Optimum Timing of Hypospadias Surgery in Children (Editorial Comment)
Palmer LS.
Children’s Hospital Quarterly. 8(4): 204, 1996.

The Small and Buried Phallus
Palmer LS, Kogan SJ.
Advances in Urology, vol. 8, pp. 225-247, 1995

Dermal Graft Correction of Extraordinary Chordee.
Journal of Urology. Vol. 130:952-954, 1983

Complications of Bladder Mucosa Grafts.
Journal of Urology 142:626-628, 1989

Bladder Mucosa Graft for Male Uretha.
J. Ped. Surg., Vol 11, No. 3, March 1986

The Correction of Penoscrotal Transposition: A Novel Approach
Journal of Urology 164: 994-97, 2000

Congenital Urethrocutaneous Fistulae: Two Case Reports.
Tennenbaum SY, Palmer LS.
Urology, 43: 98-99, 1994.

Characterization of Cyclic AMP Accumulation in Cultured Human Corpus Cavernosum Smooth Muscle Cells.
Palmer LS, Valcic M, Melman A, Giraldi AM, Wagner G, Christ GJ.
Journal of Urology 152: 1308-1314, 1994.



Infections

Scrotal actinomycosis
Sarosdy, M.F., Brock, W.A., and Parsons, C.L.:
 J. Urol. 121:256-257, 1976

Bacterial infections of the urinary tract (female children)
Kaplan, G.W. and Brock, W.A.:
Current Therapy: 526-528, 1982

Management of recurrent UTI.
Kaplan, G.W. and Brock, W.A.: 
Dialogues in Pediatric Urology, ed. M.I. Resnick. Baltimore: The Williams and Wilkins , 1981

Role of Contrast VCU in Urinary Infections.
Dialogues in Pediatric Urology 9 (12), 1986

Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis in Children.
Urology 30:464-466, 1987

Suppression of Renal Inflammation with Vitamins A and E in Ascending Pyelonephritis in Rats

Ibuprofen combined with antibiotics suppresses renal scarring from ascending pyelonephritis in rats
A Huang1, L S. Palmer, D Hom, AE. Anderson, L Kushner, I Franco,
J Urol 162:1396-1398, 1999

Oral cimetidine for the management of genital and perigenital warts in children.

Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections and Urinary Tract Abnormalities in Imerslund - Grasbeck Syndrome

Dysfunctional Elimination as an Etiology for Idiopathic Urethritis in Childhood
D Herz , A Weiser, E Reda, S Levitt, T Collette, and I Franco
J Urol 173(6):2132-2137, 2005.

Effects of Vitamin A and Beta Carotene on Intraabdominal Sepsis:

The Role of Gadolinium Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Children
with Suspected Acute Pyelonephritis.

Weiser AC, Amukele SA, Leonides JC, Palmer LS
Journal of Urology 169 (6): 2308-2312, 2003.

Bacteriuria in Children.
Palmer LS, Richards I, Kaplan WE.
Journal of Urology, 157: 654-657, 1997.
Clinical Evaluation of a Rapid Diagnostic Screen (URISCREEN) of

Bacteriuria in Children.
Palmer LS, Richards I, Kaplan WE.
Journal of Urology, 157: 654-657, 1997.

Outcome Prediction in Patients with Fournier's Gangrene.
Laor E, Palmer LS, Tolia BM, Reid RE, Winter HI
Journal of Urology 154: 89-92, 1995.

The Limited Impact of Involved Surface Area and Surgical Debridement on Survival in Fournier's Gangrene.
Palmer LS, Winter HI, Tolia BM, Reid RE, Laor, E.
British Journal of Urology 76: 208-212, 1995

Recurrent Intrarenal Abscess Managed by Percutaneous Drainage, then Iatrogenically Created Communication with the Collecting System.
Bennett RT, Trambert J, Palmer LS, Gill B.
Journal of Interventional Radiology, 10: 135-9, 1995.

Outcome Prediction in Patients with Fournier's Gangrene.
Laor E, Palmer LS, Tolia BM, Reid RE, Winter HI
Journal of Urology 154: 89-92, 1995.

The Limited Impact of Involved Surface Area and Surgical Debridement on Survival in Fournier's Gangrene.
Palmer LS, Winter HI, Tolia BM, Reid RE, Laor, E.
British Journal of Urology 76: 208-212, 1995

Recurrent Intrarenal Abscess Managed by Percutaneous Drainage, then Iatrogenically Created Communication with the Collecting System.
Bennett RT, Trambert J, Palmer LS, Gill B.
Journal of Interventional Radiology, 10: 135-9, 1995.

Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Candiduria in Pediatric Patients. The Risk of Non Albicans Candida
Talluri, G.S.; Hakim, A.; Friedman, S.C.; Wise, G.J.
8th International Congress of Infectious Diseases Boston, MA1998



Kidney Duplication Abnormalities

Ectopic ureteroceles in children.
Brock, W.A., and Kaplan, G.W.:
J. Urol. 119:800-803, 1978.

Complications of surgery for ureteral duplication anomalies.
Brock, W.A., and Kaplan, G.W.:
Complications of Pediatric Surgery  eds. P. deVries and S.R. Shapiro. New York, John 1982

Rich, M.A., Heimler, A., Waber, L. and Brock, W.A.: .
Autosomal Dominant Transmission of Ureteral Triplication and Bilateral Amastia
J.Urol. 137:102, 1987

Ipsilateral ureteroureterostomy and pyeloureterostomy: A review of 15 years experience with 25 patients
Huisman, T.K., Kaplan, G.W., Brock, W.A., Packer, M.G.:
J. Urol.138:1207-1210, 1987

Management of Ureterocele: One Staged intravesical resection and total reconstruction.
Kaplan, G.W. and Brock, W.A.:
Current Controversies in Urologic Managemented. E. Carlton. W.B. Saunders Company, 1989

Ectopic Ureteroceles: Surgical Management with Preservation of Continence: Review of 60 cases
Scherz, H.C., Kaplan, G.W., Packer, M.G. and Brock, W.A.:
J. Urol. 142:538-541 1989.

A Rare Case of Bilateral Multilocular Renal Cysts.
Cheng EY, Cohn RA, Palmer, LS, Fernbach S, Hseuh W, Firlit, CF.
Journal of Urology, 157, 1861-1862, 1997.

Variability of Resistive Index in Children with Sonographically Normal Kidneys
Gill B, Palmer LS, Koenigsberg M, Laor E
Urology. 44: 897-901, 1994.



Laparoscopy & Endoscopy

Lowe, D.H., Brock, W.A., and Kaplan, G.W.:
Laparoscopy for localization of nonpalpable testes.
 J. Urol. 131:728-729, 1984.

Laparoscopy for the Non Palpable Testis.
Rich, M.A. and Brock, W.A.:
Children's Hospital Quarterly 3: 123-126, 1993

Transinguinal Laparoscopy
Horgan, J. and Brock, W.A. .
 J. Urol. 157: 473-474, 1994

Laparoscopic Nephrectomy for the Dysplastic Pelvic Kidney:
C Lee, D Eiley, E Goldfischer, I Franco
 15th World Congress of Endourology & SWL J Endourol 11: Suppl 1 S76, 1997

Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty in the Pediatric Patient: Hand Sewn Anastomosis Versus Robotic Assisted Anastomosis-Is There a Difference? 
Urol. 2007 Aug 14 Franco I, Dyer LL, Zelkovic P. J
J Urol. 2007 Oct;178(4 Pt 1):1483-6. Epub 2007 Aug 16.

Laparoscopic Heminephrectomy: Retroperitoneal Approach

Laparoscopic Assisted Modification of the Firlit Abdominal Wall Plication

Laparoscopic Varicocelectomy

Laproscopic Orchidopexy.

Endoscopic Surgery of the Upper Tract in Children:
M. Eshghi, E. Reda, I. Franco.
Clinical Pediatric Urology, ed. Kelalis, King, Belman, W.B. Saunders Company, 1993

Laparoscopic varicocelectomy in the adolescent male.

Laparoscopic orchidopexy.

Laparoscopic Fowler Stephens, Video Session:

Laparoscopic-assisted abdominal wall reconstruction in prune-belly syndrome.

Laparoscopic Orchiopexy: Procedure of choice for the Non palpable Testis?
B Lindgren, E Darby, L Faiella, W Brock, E Reda, S Levitt, I Franco
 J Urol vol 159:2132-2135, 1998

Laproscopic Orchidopexy for the Intraabdominal Testis: I Franco and L Palmer
Indications, Surgical Procedure and Results
 Children's Hospital Quarterly Vol. 9:2/3,59-62 1998

Laparoscopic Fowler-Stephens orchidopexy for the high abdominal testis.
 BW. Lindgren I Franco, S Blick, S B. Levitt, W A. Brock, LS. Palmer S C. Friedman and E F. Reda
J. Urol Vol 162:990-994, 1999

A Multi institutional Analysis of Laproscopic orchidopexy

The Minipig As A Practical Endourological Model: 

Laparoscopic Orchidopexy: A review of a large Clinical series.
 B Chang, L Palmer and I Franco
 BJU international 2001; 87, 490-49

Editorial Comment. (Role of Laparoscopy in patients with previous negative exploration for impalpable testis)

Laparoscopic orchiopexy: report of 203 cases with review of diagnosis, operative technique, and lessons learned.
Samadi AA, Palmer LS, Franco I. J Endourol. Aug;17(6):365-8, 2003

Laparoscopic Creation of a Neovagina Utilizing Sigmoid Colon

Bilateral Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Heminephrouretectomy.
R Pedraza, L Palmer, V Moss and I Franco
 Journal of Urology. 171(6, Part 1 of 2):2394-2395, June 2004.

Laparoscopic Appendicovesicostomy (Mitrofanoff Procedure) in a Child Using the DaVinci Robotic System.

Expanding the Role of the Ureteroscope:

Morphological and Physiological Changes in the Urinary Tract Associated with Ureteral
Dilatation and Ureteropyeloscopy: Experimental Study:

Bilateral Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Heminephroureterectomy.
Pedraza R; Palmer L; Moss V; Franco I
Journal of Urology 171 (6); 2394-2395, 2004.

Laparoscopic Orchidopexy: Report on 203 Cases, Lessons Learned.
Samadi AA, Palmer LS, Franco I:
Journal of Endourology 17: 365-368, 2003.

Laparoscopic Orchidopexy: Review of a Large Clinical Series.
Chang B, Palmer LS, Franco I
BJU International. 87(6): 490-493, 2001.

Laparoscopic Fowler-Stephens Orchidopexy for the High Abdominal Testis.
Lindgren BW, Blick S, Reda EF, Levitt SB, Brock WA, Palmer LS, Friedman SC, Franco I
Journal of Urology 162 (3 part 2): 990-994, 1999.

Laparoscopic Orchidopexy for the Intraabdominal Testis: Indications, Surgical Procedure and Results.



Penis (Also See Hypospadias)

Lesion's of Cowper's glands in children.
Brock, W.A. and Kaplan, G.W.:
J. Urol. 122:121-123, 1979

Megalourethra.
Appel, R.A., Kaplan, G.W., Brock, W.A., Streit, D.:
J. Urol. 135:747, 1986.

Association of Sickle Cell Disease, Priapism, Exchange Transfusion and Neurologic Events: ASPEN Syndrome
Siegel, J.F., Rich, M.A., Brock, W.A.:.
J.Urol. 150: 1480-1482, 1993

Megalourethra: 5 Minute Urology Consult



Stones

Hemiacidrin irrigation of renal pelvic calculi in patients with ileal conduit urinary diversion.
Brock, W.A., Nachtsheim, D.A., and Parsons, C.L.:
 J. Urol. 124:345-347, 1980

Urolithiasis:
Kaplan, G.W. and Brock, W.A.:
 In Current Pediatric Therapy, 10th edition, eds. S.S. Gellis and B.M. Kagan
W.B. Saunders Company, 1982, 377-379.

Xanthine calculi in the Lesch Nyhan syndrome.
Brock, W.A., Golden, J., and Kaplan, G.W.:
J.Urol. 130:157-159, 1983.

Urolithiasis.
Kaplan, G.W. and Brock, W.A.:
Current Pediatric Therapy, 11th edition, Editors. S. Gellis and B.M. Kagan
Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1984.

Urolithiasis in Children Following Augmentation Cystoplasty:
Palmer, L., Franco, I., Kogan, J., Reda, E., Gill, B., Levitt, S. J.
Urol. Part 2, 150:726-729, 1993

Endoscopic Management of Bladder Calculi Following Augmentation Cystoplasty:
Palmer L., Franco I., Reda E., Kogan S., Levitt S.B.
Urology, 44:902-904, 1994.

Urolithiasis in the Patient with Augmentation Cystoplasty: Pathosgenesis and Management.

Recurrent Urolithiasis Following Augmentation Gastrocystoplasty.
Palmer LS, Palmer JS, Firlit BM, Firlit CF.
Journal of Urology, 159:1331-1332, 1998.

Endoscopic Management of Bladder Calculi Following Augmentation Cystoplasty.
Palmer LS, Reda E, Franco I, Gill B, Kogan SJ, Levitt SB.
Urology. 44: 902-904, 1994.

Hemostatic Malecot Tamponade Catheter for Bleeding Nephrolithotomy Tracts.
Laor E, Palmer LS, Maldonado, JR, Tolia BM, Karwa G, Reid RE.
British Journal of Urology, 74: 247- 249, 1994.

Urolithiasis in Children After Augmentation Cystoplasty.
Palmer LS, Franco I, Reda E, Kogan SJ, Gill B, Levitt SB.
Journal of Urology, 150: 726-729, 1993.



Testis, Undescended Testis, Scrotum (Also See Laparoscopy)

Human Monorchidism: A Clincopathological Study of Unilateral Absent Testis in 65 Boys.
Journal of Urology 135:758-761, 1986

Acquired Undescended Testes. Amer. J. Dis. Child
Journal of Urology`141:106-107, 1987

A Critical Review of 38 selected Transections.
Journal of Urology 141:1416-1628, 1989

Significance of Epididymal and Ductal Anomalies Associated with Testicular Adolescent.
Journal of Urology 142:556-558, 1989

Efficacy of Orchiopexy by Patient Age 1 Year for Cryptorchidism.
Reda, E Levit, SB
Journal of Urology 144:508-509, 1990

Hydrocele in Children. Current Therapy in Genitourinary Surgery.
Brock, W.A.: 
Ed. Resnik, M.I.,and Kursh, E.D., B.C., Decker, Phil. 1992

Accessory and Ectopic Scrotum in a Patient with the Vater Association:
Spears, T., Franco, I., Reda, E., Kogan, S., Levitt, S.
Urology, 40:343-345, 1992.

 Scrotal Involvement in Henoch-Schonlein Syndrome.
Cubelli, V., Brock, W.A.
Children's Hospital Quarterly l(3):213-215, 1990

Use of HCG stimulation for the evaluation and treatment of the impalpable testis.

Evaluation and management of impalpable testis:

Management of Impalpable Testis

Surgical Management of the Undescended Testis:

Meconium Periorchitis Presenting as Scrotal Masses.
Chang B and Palmer LS
Urology 59 (2): 296, 2002.

Epidermoid Cyst of the Scrotum Extending into the True Pelvis
Huang, A, Palmer LS, Levitt SB.
Urology 54 (3): 561, 1999.

The Evaluation of Testicular Masses in Prepubertal Boys.
Huang A, Palmer LS.
Children’s Hospital Quarterly, 9(3): 153-156, 1997

Endocrine Analysis of Childhood Monorchia
Palmer LS, Gill B, Kogan SJ..
Journal of Urology, 158: 594-596, 1997.

Massive Epidermal Cysts of the Scrotum.
Bennett RT, Palmer LS, Kreutzer ER.
Urology, 48:781-782, 1996.

Cryptorchidism: The Data to Support Early Repair
Gill, B and Palmer, LS.
Problems in Urology: Advances in Pediatric Urology, Vol.8, pp. 518-532, 1994.

Testicular Torsion.
Palmer LS.
Pediatrics in Review. 15(11): 455-456, 1994.

Acute Scrotal Wall Edema as the initial Manifestation of Nephrotic Syndrome.
Frank R., Friedman, S.C.; Wise, G.J.:
New York State Medical Journal November, 1991.

Antenatal Sonographic Evidence of a Para-Testicular Mass Representing a Healed Meconium Peritonitis.
Frank R., Friedman, S.C.; Krieger, A.; Lindsay, G.K.; Wise, G.J.
Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography, 1991.

Acute Scrotal Symptoms due to Perforated Appendix in Children: Case Report and Review of the literature.
Friedman, S.C., Shenykin, Y.R.,
Pediatric Emergency Care, Vol. 11, 3, 1995

Parenchymal Echotexture Predicts Testicular Salvage after Torsion: A New Paradigm To Determine the Need for Emergent Exploration.
Kaye, J.D, Levitt, S.B., Gitlin, J.G., Friedman, S.C., Freyle, J., Palmer, L.,
Section on Urology, American Academy of Pediatrics, Atlanta, GA 2007



Trauma

Use of the transpubic approach for urethroplasty in children
Brock, W.A. and Kaplan, G.W.
J. Urol. 125:496-501, 1981

Traumatic Ureteropelvic Disruption in the Child.
Ped. Radiology 16:164-166, 1986

Value of Proximal Diversion and Ureteral Stenting in the Management of Ureteral Trauma:

Optimal Renal Preservation with Timely Percutaneous intervention: A Changing concept in the management of blunt renal trauma in children in the 1990’s:
Gill, B Palmer L, Reda E, Franco I, Kogan S and Levitt S. Br. J Urol 1994 74(3):370-4

A need for reevaluation of sports participation recommendations for children with solitary kidneys.

Penetrating ureteral trauma in an urban trauma center: ten-year experience.
Palmer LS, Rosenbaum RR, Gershbaum MD, Kreutzer ER
Urology 54 (1): 34-36, 1999.

Optimal Renal Preservation and Timely Percutaneous Intervention. A Changing Concept in the Management of Blunt Renal Trauma in Children in the 90's.
Gill B, Palmer LS, Reda E, Franco I, Kogan SJ, Levitt SB.
British Journal of Urology 74: 370-374, 1994.



Tumors & Cancer

Successful Treatment of Renal Vein and Vena Cava Extension of Nephroblastoma by
Preoperative Chemotherapy.

Journal of Urology Vol. 136, 1986

Congenital Mesoblastic Nephroma/Nephroblastomatosis.
Brock, W.A.
Pediatric Tumors of the Genitourinary Tract. Pediatric Urologic Oncology.
Edited by B.H.Broecker and F.A.Klein New York. Churchill Livingstone Inc., 1988

High resolution ultrasonography in the diagnosis of testicular relapse in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Rayor. R.A., Scheible, W., Brock, W.A., and Leopold, G.R.:
J.Urol.128:602, 1982

Needle Biopsy in the Diagnosis of Testicular Leukemia in Children.
Journal of UrologyVol 141:1169-1171, 1989

Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder in Children.
Khasidy, L.R., Khashu, B., Mallett, E.C., Kaplan, G.W. and Brock, W.A.:
Urology 35:142-144, 1990

Implications of Current Tumor Advances for the Clinician.
Brock, W.A.:
Problems in Urology: Recent Advances in Pediatric Urology
ed. Paulson, D. and Kramer, S., J. Lippincott, Phil., 1990

Is Contralateral Exploration of the Kidney Necessary in Patients with Wilms’ Tumor?
Kessler, O., Franco, I., Jayabose, S., Reda, E., Levitt, S. and Brock, W.
J.Urol. 156:693, 1996

Intra renal Neuroblastoma Masquerading as Wilms’ Tumor.
Kessler, O., Siegel, J.F., Brock, W.A..
Urology 51(2): 313-316, 1998
Brock, W.A.: Genetics and Immunology of Wilms' Tumor. Paediatric Urology. 3rd Edition eds.O'Donnell, B. and Koff, S.A. Butterworth, Surrey, England

Pediatric Urology Research;
Rich,M.A., Kushner, L.J., Brock, W.A.,
Applied Basic Science in Urology,  (Editor - deVere, R.W.)

Fibroepithelial Polyps associated with congenital ureteral diverticula: Two case reports:

Post-Operative Chylous Ascites Following Surgical Treatment for Wilms’ Tumor: A Retrospective Analysis of NWTS 3 and 4.
A Weiser, B Lindgren, M Ritchey,I Franco,
J Urol 2003 170:1667

Antiproliferative B Cell Translocation Gene 2 Protein is Down-Regulated Post-Transcriptionally as an Early Event in Prostate Carcinogenesis
Ficazzola, MA, Fraiman, M, Gitlin,J, Woo,K, Melamed, J, Rubin, MA, Walden, PD:
Carcinogenesis, 22(8):1271-1279, 2001.



Varicoceles

Routine Intraoperative Post-Ligation Venography in the Treatment of Pediatric Varicocele.
Journal of Urology 137:716-718, 1987

Significance of Intraoperative Venographic Patterns on the Postoperative Recurrence and Surgical Incision Placement of Pediatric Varicoceles.
Journal of Urology 144: 502-505, 1990

Adolescent Varicocele.
Biase, J. and Brock, W.A.:
Children's Hospital Quarterly. 4(1): 29-31-,1992

Intraoperative Spermatic Venography Reconsidered:
Palmer L., Shlomo C., Reda E., Gill B., Franco I., Kogan S., Levitt S.
J. Urol. 154:225-227, 1995

Influence of Surgical Approach and Intraoperative Venography on the Persistence of Adolescent Varicoceles: A Current Study Outcome Analysis of the Literature.
Palmer LS, Maizels M, Kaplan WE, Stokes S, Firlit CF.
Journal of Urology, 158: 1201-1204, 1997.

Adolescent Varicocele
Bar Chama N, Palmer LS, Cohen S, Kogan SJ
Emergency Medicine., 25: 73-75, 1993.

Lymphatic Sparing Varicocelectomy
Brian A. VanderBrink, Lane S. Palmer, Jordan Gitlin, Selwyn B. Levitt, and Israel Franco



Others

Renal hypoplasia and dysplasia.
Kaplan, G.W. and Brock, W.A.
In Current Pediatric Therapy, 11th edition, eds. S. Gellis and B.M. Kagan.
Phildelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1984

 Abdominal masses in infants and children.
Kaplan, G.W. and Brock, W.A.:
Clinical Pediatric Urology, 2nd edition. Eds. P. Kelalis, L.R. King, and A.B. Belman.
Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company. 1985.

Renal ectopia: Pelvic kidney,  Crossed Fused Ectopia, Horseshoe Ectopia.
Kaplan, G.W. and Brock, W.A.:
Operative Surgery: Urology, 4th edition. ed. W.S. McDougal. London: Butterworths. 1986.

Genitourinary Malformations Associated with Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum:
Franco, I., Kogan, S., Fisher, J., Rifkinson-Mann, S., Reda, E., Levitt, S., Rosemann, B. J.
Urol. 149:1119-1121, 1993.

Overview: Surgery for Prune Belly Syndrome:
S. Levitt, I. Franco, S. Kogan, E. Reda.
Current Operative Urology, ed. E. Douglas Whitehead, J. B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, 1992

Unexplained Intraoperative Anaphylaxis: Consider Latex.
Siegel, J.F., Rich, M.A., Brock, W.A.
International Anesthesiology Clinics: Little, Brown & Company, 1993

Transrectal Posterior Sagittal Approach to Prostatic Utricle (Mullerian Duct Cyst)
Siegel, J.F., Brock, W.A., Pena A.
J.Urol 153: 785-787, 1995

State of War. The Computer Simulation of War and Media Analysis.A Software Review
Brock, W.A.
Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) : 256:658, 1986.

Plan of Action Can Keep Toddlers Clean and Dry

Laparoscopic Variocelectomy in the Adolescent Male

Submucosal Transurethral Ureteric Implantation of Deflus, The Modified Sting Procedure

A Need for Reevaluation of Sports Participation Recommendations for Children with a Solitary Kidney

Dysfunctional Elimination Syndrome as an Etiology of Idiopathic Urethritis in Childhood, The Journal of Urology, Volume 173, 2132-2137, June 2005, Daniel Herz, Adam Weiser, Therese Collette, Edward Reda, Selwyn Levitt, Israel Franco

Efficacy and Safety of Oxybutynin in Children with Detrusor Hyperreflexia Secondary to Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction, The Journal of Urology, Volume 173, 221-225, January 2005, Israel Franco, Mark Horowitz, Richard Grady, Richard C. Adams, Tom P.V. M. De Jong, Kelly Lindert, Detlef Albrecht

Renal Pelvis Cuff Pyeloplasty for Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction for the High Inserting Ureter: An Initial Experience, The Journal of Urology, Volume 174, 1088-1090, September 2005, Lane S. Palmer, Juan Miguel Proano, Jeffrey S. Palmer

The Use of Betamethasone to Manage the Trapped Penis Following Neonatal Circumcision, The Journal of Urology, Volume 174, 1577-1578, September 2005, Jeffrey S. Palmer, Jack S. Elder, Lane S. Palmer

Female Urology: Diagnosing Bladder Outlet Obstruction in Women, The Journal of Urology, Volume 161, 1535-1540, May 1999, Victor M. Nitti, Le Mai Tu, Jordan Gitlin

Management of Perinatal Torsion: Today, Tomorrow or Never?, The Journal of Urology, Volume 174, 1579-1583, October 2005, Elizabeth B. Yerkes, Frank M. Robertson, Jordan Gitlin, Martin Kaefer, Mark P. Cain, Richard C. Rink

Society for Fetal Urology: Congenital Mid Ureteral Stricture Presenting as Prenatal Hydronephrosis, The Journal of Urology, Volume 168, 1154-1155, September 2002, Jordan Gitlin, Martin Kaefer

New Concepts of Histological Changes in Experimental Augmentation Cystoplasty: Insights into the Development of Neoplastic Transformation at the Enterovesical and Gastrovesical Anastomosis, The Journal of Urology, Volume 162, 1096-1100, Jordan S. Gitlin, Xue-Ru Wu, Tung-Tien Sun, Michael L. Ritchey, Ellen Shapiro

Single Layered Small Intestinal Submucosa in the Repair of Severe Chordee and Complicated Hypospadias, The Journal of Urology, Volume 170, 1593-1595, October 2003, Adam C. Weiser, Israel Franco, Daniel B. Herz, Richard I. Silver, Edward F. Reda

Pediatric Overactive Bladder and Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction and Treatment. Franco, I., Pediatric Health, 2008

Pediatric Overactive Bladder Syndrome, Pathophysiology and Management. Franco, I. 2007, Vol. 9., No.6 (pp 379-390) ISSN: 1174-5878, Pediatric Drugs